Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)

v3.22.1
Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2022
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Basis of Presentation

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and pursuant to the instructions to Form 10-Q and Regulation S-X issued by the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Accordingly, these financial statements do not include all information or notes required by GAAP for annual financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the annual financial statements included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 (the “Annual Report”), filed with the SEC on March 30, 2022.

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes present the consolidated financial position, results of operations, cash flows, and stockholders’ deficit of the Company as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, and for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021. The interim data includes all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair presentation of the results for the interim periods. The results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2022 are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations expected for the entire fiscal year ended December 31, 2022.

Our operations are organized into a single business segment, which consists of pressure pumping services, and we have one reportable geographical business segment, the United States.

Reverse Stock Split

Reverse Stock Split

At the annual meeting of the Company’s stockholders held on May 14, 2021, the Company’s stockholders approved a proposal to amend the Company’s certificate of incorporation to effect a reverse stock split at a ratio to be determined by the Company’s Board of Directors within a specified range. On September 30, 2021, the Company effected a 1-for-3.5 reverse split of its Class A common stock. All owners of record as of September 30, 2021 received one issued and outstanding share of the Company’s Class A common stock in exchange for three and one half outstanding shares of the Company’s Class A common stock. No fractional shares of Class A common stock were issued as a result of the reverse stock split. Any fractional shares in connection with the reverse stock split were rounded up to the nearest whole share and no stockholders received cash in lieu of fractional shares. The reverse stock split had no impact on the number of shares of Class A common stock that the Company is authorized to issue pursuant to its certificate of incorporation or on the par value per share of the Class A common stock. Proportional adjustments were made to the number of shares of Class A common stock issuable upon exercise or conversion of the Company's equity awards, convertible preferred stock and warrants, as well as the applicable exercise price. All share and per share information included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q has been retroactively adjusted to reflect the impact of the reverse stock split.
Principles of Consolidation

Principles of Consolidation

The condensed consolidated financial statements comprise the financial statements of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries. Subsidiaries are fully consolidated from the date of acquisition, being the date on which the Company obtains control, and continue to be consolidated until the date when such control ceases. The financial statements of the subsidiaries are prepared for the same reporting period as the Company. All significant intercompany balances and transactions are eliminated upon consolidation.

Use of Estimates

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. We regularly evaluate estimates and judgments based on historical experience and other relevant facts and circumstances. Significant estimates included in these financial statements primarily relate to allowance for doubtful accounts, allowance for inventory obsolescence, estimated useful lives and valuation of long-lived assets, impairment assessments of goodwill and other long-lived assets, valuation of right-of-use assets and lease liabilities, estimates of fair value of warrant liabilities, term loan, and convertible senior notes, and the valuation of share-based compensation and certain equity instruments. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Restricted Cash

Restricted Cash

Cash and cash equivalents that are restricted as to withdrawal or use under the terms of certain contractual agreements, or are reserved for a specific purpose, and not readily available for immediate or general use are recorded in restricted cash on our condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Accounts Receivable

Accounts Receivable

Accounts receivable are recorded at their outstanding balances adjusted for an allowance for doubtful accounts. Revenue earned and recognized in advance of invoice issuance creates assets referred to as “unbilled receivables”. Unbilled receivables are presented on a combined basis with accounts receivable. Allowance for doubtful accounts is determined by analyzing the payment history and credit worthiness of each customer. Receivable balances are charged off when they are considered uncollectible by management. Recoveries of receivables previously charged off are recorded as income when received.

Inventory

Inventory

Inventory consists of proppant, chemicals, and other consumable materials and supplies used in our pressure pumping operations. Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost is determined principally on a first-in-first-out cost basis. All inventories are purchased for use by the Company in the delivery of its services with no inventory being sold separately to outside parties. Inventory quantities on hand are reviewed regularly and write-downs for obsolete inventory are recorded based on our forecast of the inventory item demand in the near future.
Property and Equipment

Property and Equipment

Property and equipment are carried at cost, with depreciation provided on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives. Expenditures for renewals and betterments that extend the lives of the assets are capitalized. Amounts spent for maintenance and repairs, which do not improve or extend the life of the related asset, are charged to expense as incurred.

The Company separately identifies and accounts for certain critical components of its pressure pumping units including the engine, transmission, and pump, which requires us to separately estimate the useful lives of these components. For our other service equipment, we do not separately identify and track depreciation of specific original components. When we replace components of these assets, we typically estimate the net book values of the components that are retired, which are based primarily upon their replacement costs, their ages and their original estimated useful lives.

Leases

Leases

At inception, the Company determines whether an arrangement is a lease and the appropriate lease classification as operating or finance. When a lease is identified, a right-of-use asset and the corresponding lease liability are recorded on the lease commencement date based on the present value of the remaining lease payments over the lease term on the condensed consolidated balance sheet. In the event a lease does not provide an implicit rate, the Company uses its incremental borrowing rate based on information available at the commencement date in determining the present value of the remaining lease payments. Leases may include options to extend or terminate the lease. The Company generally does not include renewal or termination options in its assessment of the leases unless extension or termination for certain assets is deemed to be reasonably certain. The Company has elected the practical expedient to not recognize lease assets and liabilities for leases with a term of 12 months or less. Operating lease expenses are recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The Company also has some lease agreements with lease and non-lease components, which are accounted for as a single lease component.

Right-of-use assets are assessed periodically for impairment if events or circumstances occur that indicate the carrying amount of the asset may not be recoverable. The Company monitors events and modifications of existing lease agreements that would require reassessment of the lease. When a reassessment results in the remeasurement of a lease liability, a corresponding adjustment is made to the carrying amount of the corresponding right-of-use asset.

Warrants

Warrants

The Company evaluates all its financial instruments, including issued stock purchase warrants, to determine if such instruments are derivatives or contain features that qualify as embedded derivatives, pursuant to Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 480, Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity and ASC 815-15, Derivatives and Hedging—Embedded Derivatives. The classification of derivative instruments, including whether such instruments should be recorded as liabilities or equity is evaluated pursuant to ASC 815-40, Derivatives and Hedging—Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity.

The Company’s issued and outstanding Public Warrants, Private Placement Warrants and Series A Warrants are recognized as liabilities. Accordingly, we recognize these warrant instruments as liabilities at fair value upon issuance and adjust the instruments to fair value at the end of each reporting period. Any change in fair value is recognized in our condensed consolidated statements of operations. The Public Warrants are valued using their quoted market price since they are publicly traded and thus had an observable market price. The Private Placement Warrants are valued using a Monte Carlo simulation model. The Series A Warrants are valued using the Black-Scholes option pricing model.

The Company’s issued and outstanding Term C Loan Warrants, RDO Investor Warrants and Placement Agent Warrants are recognized as equity.

See “Note 9 – Warrants” for additional disclosure of the Company’s outstanding warrants.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Fair value is defined under ASC 820, Fair Value Measurement, as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. ASC 820 also establishes a three-level hierarchy, which requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. The three levels are defined as follows:

Level 1–inputs are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2–inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly.
Level 3–inputs are unobservable for the asset or liability.
Revenue Recognition

Revenue Recognition

The Company recognizes revenue based on the customer’s ability to benefit from the services rendered in an amount that reflects the consideration expected to be received in exchange for those services.

The Company’s performance obligations are satisfied over time, typically measured by the number of stages completed or the number of pumping days a fleet is available to pump for a customer in a month. All revenue is recognized when a contract with a customer exists, collectability of amounts subject to invoice is probable, the performance obligations under the contract have been satisfied over time, and the amount to which the Company has the right to invoice has been determined. A portion of the Company’s contracts contain variable consideration; however, this variable consideration is typically unknown at the time of contract inception, and is not known until the job is complete, at which time the variability is resolved.

The Company has elected to use the “as invoiced” practical expedient to recognize revenue based upon the amount it has a right to invoice upon the completion of each performance obligation per the terms of the contract.

Patent License Sales. The sales of the right to use the Company’s patented Clean Fleet® technology is a single performance obligation. The Company recognizes the income associated with the patent license sales at the point in time when the Company satisfies its performance obligation by granting the purchaser the right to use the patented Clean Fleet® technology and transfer of control has occurred. The patent license sales are recognized as other income in our condensed consolidated statement of operations.
Major Customer and Concentration of Credit Risk

Major Customer and Concentration of Credit Risk

The concentration of our customers in the oil and natural gas industry may impact our overall exposure to credit risk, either positively or negatively, in that customers may be similarly affected by changes in economic and industry conditions. We perform ongoing credit evaluations of our customers and do not generally require collateral in support of our trade receivables.

Income Taxes

Income Taxes

The provision or benefit from income taxes for interim periods is determined using an estimate of our annual effective tax rate, adjusted for discrete items, if any, that are taken into account in the relevant period. Each quarter, the Company updates the estimate of the annual effective tax rate, and if the estimated tax rate changes, the Company records a cumulative adjustment.

The Company’s effective tax rate on continuing operations for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, was 0.00%. The difference between the effective tax rate and the U.S. federal statutory rate is primarily due to a valuation allowance on the Company's federal and state net deferred tax assets and excess tax benefits related to net operating losses. Due to tax losses and offsetting valuation allowance, the Company did not record a provision for U.S. income taxes in any period.

The Company is subject to taxation in the U.S. The tax years subsequent to 2018 remain open and subject to examination by federal and state taxing authorities in which the Company is subject to tax. The Company is not under examination in any other jurisdictions.

As of March 31, 2022, the Company has provided a valuation allowance against all federal and state deferred tax assets. Management continues to evaluate the realizability of deferred tax assets and the related valuation allowance. If management's assessment of the deferred tax assets or the corresponding valuation allowance were to change, the Company would record the related adjustment to income during the period in which management makes the determination. After consideration of all the information available, management determined that a valuation allowance was appropriate, as it is more likely than not that the Company will not utilize its net deferred tax assets.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) and subsequent amendments to the initial guidance: ASU 2017-13, ASU 2018-10, ASU 2018-11, ASU 2018-20, ASU 2019-01 and ASU 2020-02 (collectively, “ASC 842”). ASC 842 requires companies to generally recognize on the balance sheet operating and financing lease liabilities and corresponding right-of-use assets. On January 1, 2022, the Company adopted ASC 842, using the modified retrospective with applied transition method and recognized a cumulative impact to retained earnings in that period, which allowed the Company to continue to apply the legacy guidance in Topic 840, Leases, including its disclosure requirements, in the comparative periods presented in the year of adoption. The Company elected to apply certain practical expedients, whereby it will not reassess (i) whether any expired or existing contracts are or contain leases, (ii) the lease classification for any expired or existing leases and (iii) initial direct costs for any existing leases.

On January 1, 2022, upon adoption of the new leasing standard, the Company recognized operating right-of-use assets of $1.6 million and operating lease liabilities of $1.6 million. On January 1, 2022, the Company recognized finance lease right-of-use assets of $3.6 million, reclassified from property and equipment, net and finance lease liabilities of $3.8 million, including $3.2 million reclassified from current and long-term capital lease obligations. The impact of adoption of the new leasing standard had no impact to the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, which removes specific exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740 in GAAP. The new guidance also improves the issuer’s application of income tax-related guidance and simplifies GAAP for franchise taxes that are partially based on income, transactions with a government that result in a step up in the tax basis of goodwill, separate financial statements of legal entities that are not subject to tax, and enacted changes in tax laws in interim periods. The Company adopted ASU 2019-12 on January 1, 2022, using the prospective method of transition. The adoption did not have a material impact on the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements.

In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-06, Debt—Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging—Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity, which simplifies accounting for convertible instruments by removing major separation models required under current GAAP. It also amends the accounting for certain contracts in an entity’s own equity that are currently accounted for as derivatives because of specific settlement provisions. In addition, the new guidance modifies how particular convertible instruments and certain contracts that may be settled in cash or shares impact the diluted EPS computation. The new guidance will be effective for smaller reporting companies for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. The Company adopted ASU 2020-06 on January 1, 2022, using the modified retrospective method of transition. The adoption did not have a material impact on the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements.